The Luminous Icons of Ultra Violet: Leg Two

Original Story by Aaron J. Sams (2017-07-08)

Warning: Spoilers ahead for the U2 Joshua Tree 2017 Tour.

This is an update of an earlier story, which covered up to the end of the first leg of the tour. For information about the first leg of the tour see our earlier story here. This story is up to date as of the shows in Rome.

One of the visual pieces that accompanies the tour is a set of photographs of women which play on the background screen while U2 perform “Ultra Violet (Light My Way)”. The piece opens with the word “HISTORY” on the screen, which is slowly replaced with “HERSTORY.” During the remainder of the song the screen is separated in five roughly square areas. One square is generally used to focus on the band. The other four square displays images of women with dates. The images are tinted in bright colours, pinks, greens, purples, yellows, reds and blues.

The women come from a wide range of periods of history, a wide range of backgrounds, but most are recognized as playing a role in human rights throughout the ages. Since the start of the tour, new faces have been added at almost every show. During the first leg, some of these additions were geographical depending on where the tour was performing. As one woman is added another is typical removed, however this has not always been the case. On every night of the tour, except for the second nights in Pasadena and Chicago, there were changes in these women on the screen.

The images on the screen are being developed in conjunction with Herstory. (@herstory_uk/herstoryuk.org) The Herstory project is a project founded and run by Alice Wroe, and the Herstory website explains that they “use feminist art to engage people of all genres with women’s history”. The group hosts workshops at cultural and educational institutions throughout the UK, and have been consulting with U2 on the images used on the screen during “Ultra Violet.”

U2.Com has published an interview with Wroe, who speaks about the development of this piece, and goes into more detail about how the women are chosen and how they are organized on the screen.

The end of the video on the screens shows one image across the entire screen, a group of women, holding a banner saying “Women of the World Unite!” then changing to “Poverty is Sexist” and finally ending with “The power of the people is so much stronger than the people in power”. Bono typically uses the end of the song as an opportunity to talk about One. “Poverty is Sexist“ is also one of the campaigns being run by One.Org, which Bono supports.

Below we are keeping track of each of the women appearing on the screens thus far on the second leg of the tour, and what cities each has appeared in. We have also included a short biography for some of the accomplishment of these women, as well as information about when they were born. As the women are moving about in the screen now, we are now listing these women alphabetically. After the alphabetic listings are a list of organizations and groups shown during this piece on this screen, and then after that, a list of the changes made with each show.

GUIDE TO SHOWS:

[L1=London 1, L2=London 2, B=Berlin, R1=Rome 1, R2=Rome 2, BA=Barcelona, D=Dublin, P1=Paris 1, P2=Paris 2, A1=Amsterdam 1, A2=Amsterdam 2, BR=Brussels]

WOMEN FEATURED IN THEHERSTORY”:

Maria Agnesi (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Agnesi was an Italian mathematician, and philosopher. She was the first woman appointed as a professor of Mathematics at a university. Her last four decades were spent doing charitable work and serving the poor. Agnesi lived from 1718 to 1799. Her first appearance on the screen was in London 1.

Sonita Alizadeh (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Alizadeh is a rapper from Afghanistan, she grew up there under the rule of the Taliban. One of her first songs was “Brides for Sale” a video where she raps about brides being sold in Afghanistan, as her family once considered doing to her. Alizadeh first appeared on the screen in London 1.

Isabel Allende (*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Allende was born in Peru and after her father disappeared relocated to Chile at a young age. She worked as a writer, a translator and a columnist for newspapers. In 1996 she started the Isabel Allende Foundation dedicated to supporting the fundamental rights of women and children to be empowered and protected. Allende was born in 1942. Her image first appeared in HerStory in Berlin.

Christiane Amanpour (*L2)
Amanpour is a British-Iranian journalist and television personality. She is the Chief International Correspondant for CNN Network. Amanpour is a member of the board of direcotrs of the International Women’s Media Foundation as well as organizations for public integrity, and protection of journalists. Amanpour was born in 1958. Her first appearance on the screen was at the second show in London, UK. She did not appear the next night in Berlin.

Concepción Arenal (*BA)
Arenal was a Spanish feminist and activist. She was the first woman to attend university in Spain and is recognized as one of the pioneers of feminism in Spain. Arenal lived from 1820 to 1893. Her first appearance in the HerStory was in Barcelona.

Seyran Ateş (*B)
Ateş is a German citizen, and a Muslim feminist, who was born in Istanbul. Through her carreer as a lawyer she recieved threats for being critical of conservative Muslim society. She was present to open the first liberal mosque in Germany where men and women pray together and women can lead in prayer. Ateş was born in 1963. Her image first appeared in HerStory in Berlin.

Aphra Behn (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Behn was a play write and poet, and was one of the first English women to make a living by writing. She also worked as a spy for Charles II. Behn lived from 1640 – 1689. Behn appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo and has returned for the second leg.

Emma Bonino (*R1,*R2)
Bonino is an Italian politician who recently served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Italy. In her time in politics she has fought numerous battles for civil rights, religious freedoms, and against world hunger and female genital mutilation. Bonino was born in 1948. Her first appearance on the screen was the first night in Rome.

Clara Campoamor (*BA)
Campoamor was a Spanish politician and feminist and advocated for women’s rights and suffrage while the Spanish constitution was being written. Her battles lead to inclusion of language that guaranteed equality between men and women. Campoamor lived between 1888 and 1972. Her first appearance in the HerStory was in Barcelona.

Isabel Coixet (*BA)
Coixet is a Spanish film director and is recognized as one of the most prolific Spanish directors. She works in both Spanish and English in her films. Coixet was born in 1960. Her first appearance in the HerStory was in Barcelona.

Jo Cox (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Jo Cox was a British politician and served as a Member of Parliament with the British Labour Party. Prior to running as an MP she worked with Oxfam GB, was a campaigner on issues relating to the Syrian war, and had formed and chaired the group Friends of Syria. In June 2016 Cox was shot and stabbed multiple times, possibly because of her outspokenness on the issues of Syria and immigration. Cox lived from 1974 to 2016. Cox first appeared on the screen in Dallas and in Louisville on the first leg of the tour and returns for the second leg.

Marie Curie (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Marie Curie was a Polish physicist and chemist. Curie conducted ground breaking work on radioactivity, and she was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. She is also the first person, and only woman to win the Nobel Prize twice. She developed the theory of radioactivity. She lived from 1867 to 1934. Curie first appeared on the screen during London 1.

Emily Wilding Davison (*L1,*L2)
Davison was a Suffragette who was part of the movement to bring the vote to women in the UK in the early 20th century, and was known for extreme tactics, and was arrested on nine different occasions. Davison lived from 1872 – 1913. Davison appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo and returned to the first two shows on the second leg, but was removed for the show in Berlin.

Simone de Beauvoir (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
A French writer, activist and feminist, de Beauvoir wrote about women’s oppression and feminism. She lived from 1908 – 1986. De Beauvoir appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo and now returns for the second leg.

Lena Dunham (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Dunham is an American actress, writer and director. She was born in 1986. She created the feminist publication Lenny Letter in 2015. Dunham appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo she returns to the screens for leg 2.

Nawal El Saadawi (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
El Saadawi is an Egyptian writer, physician, and psychiatrist, and she has written many books about women in Islam. She is the founder and president of the Arab Woman’s Solidarity Association, and the co-founder of the Arab Association for Human Rights. El Saadawi was born in 1931. El Saadawi appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo she returns for leg 2.

Ieshia Evans (*L1,*L2)
An African-American woman from Pennsylvania, that was photographed being arrested by police during protests in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in 2016 in a photograph that went viral. Evans appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She returned for the first two shows on the second leg, appearing near the end of the presentation, but was not present for the show in Berlin.

Anne Frank (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Anne Frank was a German born woman, who lived in Amsterdam during World War II. Her family went into hiding to escape persecution by the Nazis in July 1942, and remained in hiding until August 1944 when the family was arrested. Anne would die in Nazi custody. During her time in hiding Frank wrote a diary which was published in 1947, and has been translated into over 60 languages. Frank lived from 1929 to 1945. She first appeared on the screen during London 1.

Mariella Frostrup (*L2)
Frostrup is a UK based journalist and television personality. She was born in Norway, but moved to Ireland while young. Frostrup has worked with Oxfam, The Children’s Society, and Save the Children. She has also created the Gender Rights and Equality Action Trust (GREAT), which supports grass roots gender equality projects in Africa and beyond. Frostrup was born in 1962. Her first appearance on the screen was at the second show in London, UK, she was not present the next night in Berlin.

Edith Margaret Garrud (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Garrud was a martial arts instructor, and was one of the first females acting as such in the Western World. She was a trainer of the bodyguard unit in one of the Suffragette groups in the UK. Garrud lived from 1872-1971. Garrud appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo she returns for the second leg.

Melinda Gates (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Gates is an American philanthropist, and co-founder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Gates has degrees in computer science and economics, as well as an MBA. In December 2005, Melinda and Bill Gates were named by Time Magazine as Persons of the Year alongside Bono. Gates was born in 1964. Melinda Gates was first added to the song for the performance in Seattle on leg one, and was present for every show after that, she now returns for the second leg.

Eva Gore-Booth (*B,*R1,*R2,BA)
Gore-Booth is an Irish poet, writer, social worker and suffragist. She was the younger sister of the Countess Markievicz who played a key role in the 1916 Easter Rising in Ireland. Eva herself played a leading role in the Women’s Suffrage Movement, fighting for equality of women throughout the UK. Gore-Booth lived from 1870 to 1926. Her image first appeared in HerStory in Berlin.

Leymah Gbowee (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Gbowee is a Liberian peace activist. In her native Liberia she is a leader of a women’s peace movement, Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace. That group lead by Gbowee and her collaborator Ellen Johnson Sirleaf helped end the Second Liberian Civil War, and she was awared the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize. Gbowee was born in 1972. She first appeared on the screens during London 1.

Rosie Hackett (*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Rosie Hackett was a trade union leader in Dublin, and as part of the Irish Women Worker’s Union she supported strikers during the 1913 Dublin lockout. She was later involved in the 1916 Easter Rising. Hackett lived from 1892 until 1976. Her image first appeared in HerStory in Berlin.

bell hooks (*L1,*L2,*B,BA)
This is the pen name of Gloria Jean Watkins, and is an author, feminist and activist. She was born in 1952. hooks appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She returns now for the second leg, but instead of appearing early in the presentation she now appears near the end.

Leyla Hussein (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Hussein is a Somali psychotherapist and a social activist. Hussein has cofounded Daughters of Eve, a non-profit organization which provides education and raises awareness on Female Genital Mutilation. Hussein also works with the Somali Youth Forum, and a number of other initiatives as a health professional. Hussein was born in 1980. Her first appearance on the screen was in London 1.

Marsha P. Johnson (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Marsha P. Johnson was an American drag performer, a sex worker, and a gay rights activist. She was a popular figure in New York City’s gay scene, and an AIDS activist with the organization, ACT UP. Johnson lived from 1945 – 1992. Johnson appeared nightly after her addition to the screen, but was replaced in Toronto by Canadian entertainer k.d. Lang but returned to the screens at the next show in Boston. She now returns to the screen for the second leg of the tour.

Grace Jones (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Grace Jones was Jamaican born, and was a singer, writer, supermodel, and actress. She came to popularity during the 1977 disco era, and later moved into new wave. She was born in 1948. Jones appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She now appears as well on the second leg.

Ashley Judd (*L1)
Ashley Judd is an American actress, but these days she’s rapidly becoming more known for her work as a political activist. Her humanitarian work revolves around HIV/AIDS, and she has worked with the YouthAIDS project, she is part of the leadership council for the International Center for Research on Women, she’s been involved with Women for Women International and Equality Now and the San Francisco Child Abuse Prevention Center. Judd also accompanied Bono on his tour of America’s ‘Heartland’ to raise consciousness about AIDS in 2002. Judd was born in 1968. She first appeared on screen during London 1 but did not appear the following night in London.

Saffiyah Khan (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Khan is a young woman of Pakistani and Bosnian descent who stepped up to help a woman wearing a hijab, when the woman was surrounded by members of the English Defense League. A photo of her standing up to these demonstrators in Birmingham went viral. Khan appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She now appears on the second leg of the tour.

Christine Lagarde (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Lagarde is a French lawyer and a politician, and is currently the managing director of the International Monetary Fund. She is the first woman to head the IMF. Lagarde was born in 1956. Lagarde appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is now appearing on leg two as well.

Ciara Lawrence (*L1)
Lawrence is an English activist whose work with Charity Mencap sees her battle inequality for those with learning disabilities. She’s worked on a number of campaigns for Mencap including a successful anti-bullying campaign. She has also acted as representative on the European Platform for Self Advocacy and sat on the council of Inclusion International. Lawrence appeared on the screens for London 1.

Ada Lovelace (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Lovelace was an English mathematician and writer and is recognized as one of the first people to recognize the potential of a computer and she is also known as the first computer programmer, writing algorithms before such a machine even existed. Lovelace lived from 1815 to 1852. Lovelace first appeared on screen for London 1.

Moms Mabley (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Moms Mabley is the stage name of Loretta Aiken, an American stand up comedian, once billed “The Funniest Woman in the World”. She would often tackle topics such as racism. She came out as a lesbian and was one of the first openly gay comedians. Aiken lived from 1894 to 1975. Mabley appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She now appears on leg two as well.

Prudence Mabele (*BA)
Mabele was a South African activist who advocated for the rights of children and women living with HIV and AIDS, and advocated against gender based violence. Mabele was internationally recognized for her work. Mabele was born in 1971 and she died of pneumonia on July 10, 2017. Her first appearace in the HerStory was days later in Barcelona (July 18)

Lucy Matthews (*L1)
We believe this to be Lucy Matthew (Matthews may be a spelling error) who was instrumental in the Drop the Debt campaign and later involved in DATA (Debt AIDS Trade Africa) with Bono. She accompanied Bono in 2015 on a visit to Rwanda, and was listed at that time as Bono’s senior advisor from the One Foundation. Matthew’s photo appeared at the London 1 show.

Catherine Mayer (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Mayer is an American-born journalist, and the founder of the Women’s Equality Party in the UK in 2015, a political party that is campaigning for gender equality. Mayer’s photo first showed up on the screens in Santa Clara and appeared every night after that, she is now appearing on the second leg of the tour.

Angela Merkel (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany, and a leading figure in the European Union. Merkel has a background as a chemist, but entered into politics in 1989. Merkel was born in 1954. Merkel appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo and is now appearing on the second leg.

Rita Levi-Montalcini (*R1,*R2)
Levi-Montalcini is an Italian neurobiologist, and winner of the Nobel prize in Medicine for her work in science. She also served as a member of the Italian Senate. She was born in 1909, and lived until 2012. Levi-Montalicini first appeared on the screen the first night in Rome.

Caitlin Moran (*L1,*L2)
Moran is a Journalist in the UK, at The Times. She’s a supporter of the Women’s Equality Party and has written a book titled How to Be a Woman. Moran was born in 1975. Moran’s picture was dropped after the Seattle concert, and was replaced with Catherine Mayer. But Moran was returned to the screens as of the first show in Chicago. She appeared on the first two shows of the second leg in London, but was removed from the screen for Berlin.

Herta Müller (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Müller is a Romanian-born, German writer. Her works as a writer often discuss the effects of violence, cruelty and terror, usually in the setting of Communist Romainia. In 2009 she won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Müller was born in 1953. Her first appearance on the screen was in London 1.

Nadia Murad (*B)
Murad was born in Iraq, and at the age of 19 was taken prisioner and forced into slavery by ISIS. She was able to escape, was smuggled out of Iraq and escaped to Germany in 2015 as a refugee. Murad is now an Ambassador to the United Nations, and has briefed the UN Security Council on the issue of human trafficking. She has also loaned her name to “Nadia’s Initiative” and event hosted in New York providing advocacy and assistances to victims of genocide. Murad was born in 1993. Her image first appeared in HerStory in Berlin.

Kasha Nabagesera (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Nabagesera is an Ugandan LGBT rights activist. She founded and is the director of the rights organization Freedom and Roam Uganda which advocates on behalf of LGBT persons in Uganda. She has fought to decriminalize homosexuality in Uganda. She has won the 2011 Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders. Nabagesera was born in 1980. She first appeared on the screen in London 1.

Giuseppina Nicolini (*R1,*R2)
Nicolini is the mayor of Lampedusa Italy, and was awareded a Peace Prize by Unesco for her work to save the lives of refugees and to welcome them to Italy with dignity. Since becoming mayor in 2012 Nicolini has been committed to refugee crisis management. Nicolini first appeared on the screen the first night in Rome.

Frédérique Petrides (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Petrides was a Belgian-American conductor, well known for her skill with the violin. She founded the Orchestrette Classique in New York City, which was made up of women musicians, and she also published the newsletter Women in Music. Petrides lived from 1903 – 1983. Petrides was first added to the song for the performance in Seattle and she did not appear in the Vancouver show. Her image was dropped again in Toronto for replacement Joni Mitchell, but was returned for the next show in Boston. She is now appearing on the second leg.

Khalida Popal (*L2,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Popal became the first female captain of the Afghan National Football team. At the time there were four women on the team. Popal faced threats, and has since retired, but now speaks out on sport as a vehicle to achieve gender equality. Popal appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is also now appearing on the second leg.

Mary Robinson (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Robinson is an Irish lawyer and politician, and served as the first female President of Ireland from 1990 to 1997. She then worked as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights until 2002. In 2004 Robinson received Amnesty International’s Ambassador of Conscience Award for her work promoting human rights. Robinson was born in 1944. Robinson’s image was removed from the screen after the Seattle show, but reappeared the first night in Chicago. She is also now appearing in the second leg of the tour.

Sylvia Robinson (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Robinson was a singer, musician and record label executive, and is sometimes known as the “Mother of Hip-Hop” due to her work as the drivign force behind several early rap singles. She also recorded herself under the names Little Sylvia, Mickey and Sylvia (with guitarist Mickey Baker), Sylvia Robbins, or just Sylvia. Robinson was born Sylvia Vanderpool, and lived from 1935 to 2011. Robinson first appeared on screen first leg in Chicago, and is now appearing in the second leg of the tour.

Begum Rokeya (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Rokeya was a Bengali writer, social activist and a champion of women’s rights. She advocated that men and women should be treated equal in her writing. Rokeya lived from 1880 – 1932. Rokeya appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is also now appearing in the second leg of the tour.

Sheryl Sandberg (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Sandberg is an American executive, acting as COO of Facebook. She is also an activist and author, and founder of Leanin.Org. Sandberg was born in 1969. Sandberg was first added to the song for the performance in Santa Clara and she did not appear in Vancouver. She is now appearing on the second leg of the tour.

Faye Schulman (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Schulman was a Polish woman. During World War II she acted as a photographer, and unlike her family that were killed when the Nazi’s invaded she was spared due to her talents as a photographer. The Nazis recruited her to work as a photographer, including forcing her to photograph her own family in a mass grave. She worked as a member of the resistance as a nurse from 1942 to 1944. Schulman was born in 1919. Her first appearance on the screen was in London 1.

Sophie Scholl (*B)
Scholl was born in Germany and was an active anti-Nazi political activist during World War II. She was eventually executed by guillotine in 1943 after being convicted of high treason for distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich. Scholl lived from 1921 to 1943. Her image first appeared in HerStory in Berlin.

Mary Seacole (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Seacole was a Jamaican business woman, who ran the British Hotel behind the lines of the Crimean War. The hotel was set up to assist battlefield wounded, and she set up the hotel after applying to the War Office and being refused. She also spent her life fighting against racial prejudice. Her efforts as a nurse were often said to be overshadowed by that of Florence Nightingale. Seacole lived from 1805 to 1881, spending her later years in London. She first appeared on the screen during London 1.

Irena Sendler (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Sendler’s first appearance on the screen was under the name “Irena Sandler”, a mistake in the spelling. But the photo was that of Irena Sendler. Sendler was a nurse, social worker and humanitarian from Poland, and who worked in the Polish Underground during World War II. Sendler was the head of the children’s section of the Polish Council to Aid Jews. It is estimated that Sendler helped to smuggle 2500 Jewish children out of Warsaw, saving those children from the Holocaust. She was eventually captured by the Gestapo, tortured, and sentenced to death, but she managed to evade execution. She lived from 1910 to 2008. Her first appearance on the screen was during London 1.

Sophia Duleep Singh (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Singh was prominant suffragette in the UK, fighting for women’s equality. Her godmother was Queen Victoria. She lead the Women’s Tax Resistance League, and participated in other women’s suffrage groups. Singh lived from 1876 to 1948. Her first appearance on screen was during London 1.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Sirleaf is a politician in Liberia, and is currently serving as president of that country. She is the first woman to be elected to a head of state position in Africa. She was born in 1938. Sirleaf appeared on the screens in leg one every night except for one. She was not present on the screen in Toronto which was the first show she wasn’t present, but returned to the screen at the next show in Boston. She returns to the screen for the second leg.

Patti Smith (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Smith is an American singer, writer, poet and artist. She came to popularity during the 1970s in the punk rock movement. Smith may be known among U2 fans by her song “People Have the Power” which was used to open concerts during the 2015 tour. Smith was born in 1946. Smith appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She returns to the screens on leg two.

Sookee (*B)
Sookee, born Nora Hantzsch, is a German rapper. Sookee often raps against sexism, homophobia, and violence. She is pro equality in her lyrics, and hopes one day to live in a world where equality has been achieved. Sookee was born in 1983. Her image first appeared in HerStory in Berlin.

Gloria Steinem (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Steinem is an American feminist, journalist and activist. She became known as the leader of the American feminist movement in the 1960s and 1970s. Steinem had won many awards and honours for her work as an activist. She was born in 1934. Steinem first appeared on the screens during the first show in Chicago. She appeared every night since then, and has also appeared on leg two.

Poly Styrene (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Marianne Elliott-Said was better known by the stage name Poly Styrene, fronted the punk rock band X-Ray Spex, and later went on to have a solo career. She lived from 1957 – 2011. Styrene appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is now appearing on Leg two.

Rosetta Tharpe (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Sister Rosetta Tharpe is an American singer, songwriter, and musician. She was active in the 1930s and 1940s and was known for her gospel recordings, and she is counted as an inspiration by early rock ‘n’ roll musicians including Johnny Cash and Elvis Presley. She lived from 1915 – 1973. Tharpe appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is also now appearing on leg two.

Sandy Toksvig (*L1,*L2)
Toksvig is a Danish comedian, writer and political activist. She is a founder of the Women’s Equality Party. She currently works as a host of a number of British television shows. Toksvig was born in 1958. Her first appearance on the screen was during London 1 and she also appeared the second night, but she was not present on the screens in Berlin.

Katherine Tynan (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Katherine Tynan, or more commonly noted as Katharine, was an Irish writer. Her poetry was first published in 1878, and she was a contemporary of William Butler Yeats. She is said to have written over 100 novels in her life, as well as countless poems. Tynan lived from 1859 to 1931. The first appearance of Tynan on screen is during London 1, where her birth date is mistakenly listed as 1861.

Alice Walker (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Walker is a novelist, poet, and activist. She won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for her novel The Color Purple. She was born in 1944. Walker appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is also now appearing on leg 2.

Emma Watson (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Watson is a British actress, and activist. Watson rose to prominence as a young girl in the role of Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter films. She has continued to work as a model and actress while finishing her degree at Brown and Oxford. She is an advocate for the equality of women, and was named as the UN Women Goodwill Ambassador, and she helped launch the UN campaign, “HeForShe” which calls on men to advocate for gender equality. Watson was born in 1990. Her first appearance on screen was during London 1.

Mary Wollstonecraft (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Wollstonecraft was an English writer in the late 1700s. She is possibly best known for her book A Vindication of the Rights of Women published in 1792, where she argued that women are not inferior to men, they just lack the education provided to men. Wollstonecraft lived from 1759 to 1797. Wollstonecraft first appeared on the screens at the first concert in Chicago, IL. She is also now appearing on leg two.

Virginia Woolf (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Woolf was an English writer in the 20th century. She was a significant figure in London literary society. Woolf lived from 1882 – 1941. Woolf appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is also now appearing on leg two.

Malala Yousafzai (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2)
Yousafzai is an activist from Pakistan for female education, and is the youngest ever Nobel laureate. In 2012, Malala was injured after a Taliban gunman attempted to murder her, and since recovering she has become a prominent education activist. She was born in 1997. Yousafzai appeared on the screens every night during leg one of the tour, including the performance at Bonnnaroo. She is also now appearing on leg two.

EVENTS AND ORGANIZATIONS FEATURED IN THEHERSTORY”:

Die Trümmerfrauen (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
At the end of World War II Germany was in ruins. German women found themselves pressed into service to clean up the rubble after the war due to the shortage of men due to the war. Women were called on to work clearing bricks and rubble from the streets and cleaning up the post-war chaos. These women are called Die Trümmerfrauen which translates to “The Rubble Women”. There are monuments throughout Germany to these women who helped rebuild the country in the aftermath of war.

Suffragettes (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Suffragettes were members of women’s organizations in the late 19th century who were advocating for the vote to be extended to women. The movement reached through the UK, USA, Canada and other countries.

Match Girls Strike (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
The Match Girls Strike in 1888 was a strike in London in 1888 where women and teenage girls went on strike to protest poor working conditions in a match factory in London.

Sari Squad (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
The Sari Squad were a group of women, who helped to defend multicultural gatherings in London in the 1980s. They also got involved in political activism.

Pussy Riot (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
Pussy Riot is a punk rock group from Russia, who have staged numerous performances where they would promote themes such as feminism, LGBT rights, and would oppose Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Women of Iceland (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
In 1975 to demonstrate that women were indispensable for Iceland’s economy, the women went on strike for the day. 90 percent of women in that country did not go to their paid jobs, and further, there was no housework or child-rearing for the day. The strike was held in International Women’s Year.

Women’s Land Army (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
The WLA was a British civilian organization created during the First and Second World Wars to allow women to work in farming replacing men who were serving in the military. The women working in agriculture during the war were called Land Girls.

Women’s Army Corps (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
This was the women’s branch of the United States Army, and was created in 1942 during World War II. The Army Corps disbanded in 1978 and was integrated with male units from that point forward.

WASP Women Air Force Service Pilots (*L1,*L2,*B,*R1,*R2,*BA)
This was a military aviation organization, made up of women, employed to fly military aircraft under the direction of the United States Army Air Forces during world war II. The organization was formed in 1943 from two groups that had been organized separate in 1942 during World War II.

CHANGES IN THEHERSTORY

As mentioned each night there have been changes made to the presentation on the screens. We attempt to summarize those in this section.

With the end of the first leg of the tour and the start of the second leg of the tour there were a number of changes made to this presentation. Thirty-three of the women appearing on the screens in London are returning to the screen after having appeared at least once on the first leg of the tour. Joining them in London are a number of new faces, who have not appeared in the first leg of the tour. Nineteen new faces join the others returning to this presentation, and this is the biggest change in the presentation since it was first introduced in Vancouver. Also added for London is one new ‘organization’ of women, Die Trümmerfrauen.

For the second London show, Ciara Lawrence, Ashley Judd and Lucy Matthews were removed from the screen. Jo Cox was also removed from the start of the presentation, but appears now near the end. Newly added for London 2 were Christiane Amanpour and Mariella Frostrup.

When the show moved to Berlin there were a number of changes. Caitlin Moran, Emily Wilding Davison, Ieshia Evans, Mariella Frostrup and Christiane Amanpour were all removed from the screens. A number of new faces were added to balance out these removals including Rosie Hackett, Isabel Allende, Eva Gore-Booth, Nadia Murad, Sophie Scholl and Seyran Ateş. With the move to Rome, the same women were seen on screen on both nights in the city. Some of those added in Berlin were removed from the screen for Rome, including Nadia Murad, Sophie Scholl and Seyran Ateş. Rosie Hackett, Isabel Allende and Eva Gore-Booth however, remained as part of the presentation. For Rome they were joined by Giuseppina Nicolini, Emma Bonino and Rita Levi-Montalcini.

For Barcelona Giuseppina Nicolin, Emma Bonino and Rita Levi-Montalcini were all removed from the presentation. In their place were four new faces, Clara Campoamor, Prudence Mabele, Isabel Coixet, and Concepción Arenal. Mabele, a South African activist for the rights of women and children living with HIV had passed away a week before the Barcelona concert. During the show, Bono asked, “sing this for Prudence, our comrade”.

Images from the screen are taken from a video filmed by manic bunny at Twickenham Stadium, on July 8, 2017.

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